amazon-rds amazon-web-services database-connection postgresql sql

AWS RDS PostgreSQL error “remaining connection slots are reserved for non-replication superuser connections”

In the dashboard I see there are currently 22 open connections to the DB instance, blocking new connections with the error:

remaining connection slots are reserved for non-replication superuser connections.

I’m accessing the DB from web service API running on EC2 instance and always keep the best practise of:

Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(URL, USER_NAME, PASSWORD);
Statement statement = connection.createStatement();
ResultSet resultSet = statement.executeQuery(SQL_Query_String);

  1. Can I do something else in the code?

  2. Should I do something else in the DB management?

  3. Is there a way to periodically close connections?

Amazon has to set the number of connections based on each model’s right to demand a certain amount of memory and connections

MODEL      max_connections innodb_buffer_pool_size
--------- --------------- -----------------------
t1.micro 34 326107136 ( 311M)
m1-small 125 1179648000 ( 1125M, 1.097G)
m1-large 623 5882511360 ( 5610M, 5.479G)
m1-xlarge 1263 11922309120 (11370M, 11.103G)
m2-xlarge 1441 13605273600 (12975M, 12.671G)
m2-2xlarge 2900 27367833600 (26100M, 25.488G)
m2-4xlarge 5816 54892953600 (52350M, 51.123G)

But if you want you can change the max connection size to custom value by

From RDS Console > Parameter Groups > Edit Parameters,

You can change the value of the max_connections parameter to a custom value.

For closing the connections periodically you can setup a cron job some thing like this.

select pg_terminate_backend(procpid)
from pg_stat_activity
where usename="yourusername"
and current_query = '<IDLE>'
and query_start < current_timestamp - interval '5 minutes';