Categories
ios objective-c swift

Converting Hex String to NSData in Swift

I got the code to convert String to HEX-String in Objective-C:

- (NSString *) CreateDataWithHexString:(NSString*)inputString {
NSUInteger inLength = [inputString length];

unichar *inCharacters = alloca(sizeof(unichar) * inLength);
[inputString getCharacters:inCharacters range:NSMakeRange(0, inLength)];

UInt8 *outBytes = malloc(sizeof(UInt8) * ((inLength / 2) + 1));

NSInteger i, o = 0;
UInt8 outByte = 0;
for (i = 0; i < inLength; i++) {
UInt8 c = inCharacters[i];
SInt8 value = -1;

if (c >= '0' && c <= '9') value = (c - '0');
else if (c >= 'A' && c <= 'F') value = 10 + (c - 'A');
else if (c >= 'a' && c <= 'f') value = 10 + (c - 'a');

if (value >= 0) {
if (i % 2 == 1) {
outBytes[o++] = (outByte << 4) | value;
outByte = 0;
} else {
outByte = value;
}

} else {
if (o != 0) break;
}
}

NSData *a = [[NSData alloc] initWithBytesNoCopy:outBytes length:o freeWhenDone:YES];
NSString* newStr = [NSString stringWithUTF8String:[a bytes]];
return newStr;
}

I want the same in Swift. Can anybody translate this code in Swift, or is there any easy way to do this in Swift?

This is my hex string to Data routine:

extension String {

/// Create `Data` from hexadecimal string representation
///
/// This creates a `Data` object from hex string. Note, if the string has any spaces or non-hex characters (e.g. starts with '<' and with a '>'), those are ignored and only hex characters are processed.
///
/// - returns: Data represented by this hexadecimal string.

var hexadecimal: Data? {
var data = Data(capacity: count / 2)

let regex = try! NSRegularExpression(pattern: "[0-9a-f]{1,2}", options: .caseInsensitive)
regex.enumerateMatches(in: self, range: NSRange(startIndex..., in: self)) { match, _, _ in
let byteString = (self as NSString).substring(with: match!.range)
let num = UInt8(byteString, radix: 16)!
data.append(num)
}

guard data.count > 0 else { return nil }

return data
}

}

And for the sake of completeness, this is my Data to hex string routine:

extension Data {

/// Hexadecimal string representation of `Data` object.

var hexadecimal: String {
return map { String(format: "%02x", $0) }
.joined()
}
}


Note, as shown in the above, I generally only convert between hexadecimal representations and NSData instances (because if the information could have been represented as a string you probably wouldn’t have created a hexadecimal representation in the first place). But your original question wanted to convert between hexadecimal representations and String objects, and that might look like so:

extension String {

/// Create `String` representation of `Data` created from hexadecimal string representation
///
/// This takes a hexadecimal representation and creates a String object from that. Note, if the string has any spaces, those are removed. Also if the string started with a `<` or ended with a `>`, those are removed, too.
///
/// For example,
///
/// String(hexadecimal: "<666f6f>")
///
/// is
///
/// Optional("foo")
///
/// - returns: `String` represented by this hexadecimal string.

init?(hexadecimal string: String, encoding: String.Encoding = .utf8) {
guard let data = string.hexadecimal() else {
return nil
}

self.init(data: data, encoding: encoding)
}

/// Create hexadecimal string representation of `String` object.
///
/// For example,
///
/// "foo".hexadecimalString()
///
/// is
///
/// Optional("666f6f")
///
/// - parameter encoding: The `String.Encoding` that indicates how the string should be converted to `Data` before performing the hexadecimal conversion.
///
/// - returns: `String` representation of this String object.

func hexadecimalString(encoding: String.Encoding = .utf8) -> String? {
return data(using: encoding)?
.hexadecimal
}

}

You could then use the above like so:

let hexString = "68656c6c 6f2c2077 6f726c64"
print(String(hexadecimal: hexString))

Or,

let originalString = "hello, world"
print(originalString.hexadecimalString())

For permutations of the above for earlier Swift versions, see the revision history of this question.