datetime.strptime is the main routine for parsing strings into datetimes. It can handle all sorts of formats, with the format determined by a format string you give it:
from datetime import datetime datetime_object = datetime.strptime('Jun 1 2005 1:33PM', '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p')
datetime object is timezone-naive.
strftime.org is also a really nice reference for strftime
strptime= “string parse time”
strftime= “string format time”
- Pronounce it out loud today & you won’t have to search for it again in 6 months.
Also, as seen in a comment made by @Izkata, if you want a date instead of a datetime, going through datetime handles it nicely:
datetime.strptime('Jun 1 2005', '%b %d %Y').date() == date(2005, 6, 1)
Use the third party dateutil library:
from dateutil import parser parser.parse("Aug 28 1999 12:00AM") # datetime.datetime(1999, 8, 28, 0, 0)
It can handle most date formats, including the one you need to parse. It’s more convenient than
strptime as it can guess the correct format most of the time.
It’s very useful for writing tests, where readability is more important than performance.
You can install it with:
pip install python-dateutil
$ python >>> import time >>> my_time = time.strptime('Jun 1 2005 1:33PM', '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p') time.struct_time(tm_year=2005, tm_mon=6, tm_mday=1, tm_hour=13, tm_min=33, tm_sec=0, tm_wday=2, tm_yday=152, tm_isdst=-1) timestamp = time.mktime(my_time) # convert time object to datetime from datetime import datetime my_datetime = datetime.fromtimestamp(timestamp) # convert time object to date from datetime import date my_date = date.fromtimestamp(timestamp)