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categorical-data pandas python scikit-learn

How to specify a variable in pandas as ordinal/categorical?

I am trying to run some Machine learning algo on a dataset using scikit-learn. My dataset has some features which are like categories. Like one feature is A, which has values 1,2,3 specifying the quality of something. 1:Upper, 2: Second, 3: Third class. So it’s an ordinal variable.

Similarly I re-coded a variable City, having three values ('London', Zurich', 'New York' into 1,2,3 but with no specific preference for the values. So now this is a nominal categorical variable.

How do I specify the algorithm to consider these as categorical and ordinal etc. in pandas?. Like in R, a categorical variable is specified by factor(a) and hence is not considered a continuous value. Is there anything like that in pandas/python?