Looks like it’s easy to add custom HTTP headers to your websocket client with any HTTP header client which supports this, but I can’t find how to do it with the web platform’s
Anyone has a clue on how to achieve it?
var ws = new WebSocket("ws://example.com/service");
Specifically, I need to be able to send an HTTP Authorization header.
Short answer: No, only the path and protocol field can be specified.
The Sec-WebSocket-Protocol header (which is sometimes extended to be used in websocket specific authentication) is generated from the optional second argument to the WebSocket constructor:
var ws = new WebSocket("ws://example.com/path", "protocol"); var ws = new WebSocket("ws://example.com/path", ["protocol1", "protocol2"]);
The above results in the following headers:
Sec-WebSocket-Protocol: protocol1, protocol2
A common pattern for achieving WebSocket authentication/authorization is to implement a ticketing system where the page hosting the WebSocket client requests a ticket from the server and then passes this ticket during WebSocket connection setup either in the URL/query string, in the protocol field, or required as the first message after the connection is established. The server then only allows the connection to continue if the ticket is valid (exists, has not been already used, client IP encoded in ticket matches, timestamp in ticket is recent, etc). Here is a summary of WebSocket security information: https://devcenter.heroku.com/articles/websocket-security
Basic authentication was formerly an option but this has been deprecated and modern browsers don’t send the header even if it is specified.
Basic Auth Info (Deprecated – No longer functional):
NOTE: the following information is no longer accurate in any modern browsers.
The Authorization header is generated from the username and password (or just username) field of the WebSocket URI:
var ws = new WebSocket("ws://username:[email protected]")
The above results in the following header with the string “username:password” base64 encoded:
Authorization: Basic dXNlcm5hbWU6cGFzc3dvcmQ=
I have tested basic auth in Chrome 55 and Firefox 50 and verified that the basic auth info is indeed negotiated with the server (this may not work in Safari).
Thanks to Dmitry Frank’s for the basic auth answer
More of an alternate solution, but all modern browsers send the domain cookies along with the connection, so using:
var authToken = 'R3YKZFKBVi'; document.cookie="X-Authorization=" + authToken + '; path=/'; var ws = new WebSocket( 'wss://localhost:9000/wss/' );
End up with the request connection headers:
HTTP Authorization header problem can be addressed with the following:
var ws = new WebSocket("ws://username:[email protected]/service");
Then, a proper Basic Authorization HTTP header will be set with the provided
password. If you need Basic Authorization, then you’re all set.
I want to use
Bearer however, and I resorted to the following trick: I connect to the server as follows:
var ws = new WebSocket("ws://[email protected]/service");
And when my code at the server side receives Basic Authorization header with non-empty username and empty password, then it interprets the username as a token.