Node.js: inspect what’s left in the event loop that’s preventing the script from exiting naturally

Node.js script won’t exit if there’s callbacks left in the main event loop. While one could forcefully terminate the script by calling process.exit() or throwing exceptions, it is recommended to let the script terminate “naturally”, by always doing proper cleanup. However, this sometimes can be difficult as bugs in the code may prevent proper cleanup, e.g., I may forget to remove an IntervalObject when no longer needed, etc., which eventually prevents the program from terminating.

Therefore, is there a way to debug a non-terminating script to find out what’s remaining registered in the event loop? In other words, is there a way in Node.js to debug what’s preventing the program from exiting?

You can call process._getActiveRequests() to get a list of active I/O requests and process._getActiveHandles() to get a list of open handles/file descriptors.