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hibernate java jpa maven spring-boot

org.hibernate.HibernateException: Access to DialectResolutionInfo cannot be null when ‘hibernate.dialect’ not set

327

I am trying run a spring-boot application which uses hibernate via spring-jpa, but i am getting this error:

Caused by: org.hibernate.HibernateException: Access to DialectResolutionInfo cannot be null when 'hibernate.dialect' not set
        at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.dialect.internal.DialectFactoryImpl.determineDialect(DialectFactoryImpl.java:104)
        at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.dialect.internal.DialectFactoryImpl.buildDialect(DialectFactoryImpl.java:71)
        at org.hibernate.engine.jdbc.internal.JdbcServicesImpl.configure(JdbcServicesImpl.java:205)
        at org.hibernate.boot.registry.internal.StandardServiceRegistryImpl.configureService(StandardServiceRegistryImpl.java:111)
        at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.initializeService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:234)
        at org.hibernate.service.internal.AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.getService(AbstractServiceRegistryImpl.java:206)
        at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildTypeRegistrations(Configuration.java:1885)
        at org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration.buildSessionFactory(Configuration.java:1843)
        at org.hibernate.jpa.boot.internal.EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl$4.perform(EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.java:850)
        at org.hibernate.jpa.boot.internal.EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl$4.perform(EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.java:843)
        at org.hibernate.boot.registry.classloading.internal.ClassLoaderServiceImpl.withTccl(ClassLoaderServiceImpl.java:398)
        at org.hibernate.jpa.boot.internal.EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.build(EntityManagerFactoryBuilderImpl.java:842)
        at org.hibernate.jpa.HibernatePersistenceProvider.createContainerEntityManagerFactory(HibernatePersistenceProvider.java:152)
        at org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.createNativeEntityManagerFactory(LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:336)
        at org.springframework.orm.jpa.AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.afterPropertiesSet(AbstractEntityManagerFactoryBean.java:318)
        at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1613)
        at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1550)
        ... 21 more

my pom.xml file is this:

<parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.8.RELEASE</version>
</parent>

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-security-web</artifactId>
       </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-security-config</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-security-taglibs</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
        <artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

my hibernate configuration is that (the dialect configuration is in the last method from this class):

@Configuration
@EnableTransactionManagement
@ComponentScan({ "com.spring.app" })
public class HibernateConfig {

   @Bean
   public LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory() {
      LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory = new LocalSessionFactoryBean();

      sessionFactory.setDataSource(restDataSource());
      sessionFactory.setPackagesToScan(new String[] { "com.spring.app.model" });
      sessionFactory.setHibernateProperties(hibernateProperties());

      return sessionFactory;
   }

   @Bean
   public DataSource restDataSource() {
      BasicDataSource dataSource = new BasicDataSource();

      dataSource.setDriverClassName("org.postgresql.Driver");
      dataSource.setUrl("jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/teste?charSet=LATIN1");
      dataSource.setUsername("klebermo");
      dataSource.setPassword("123");

      return dataSource;
   }

   @Bean
   @Autowired
   public HibernateTransactionManager transactionManager(SessionFactory sessionFactory) {
      HibernateTransactionManager txManager = new HibernateTransactionManager();
      txManager.setSessionFactory(sessionFactory);
      return txManager;
   }

   @Bean
   public PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor exceptionTranslation() {
      return new PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor();
   }

   Properties hibernateProperties() {
      return new Properties() {
         /**
         * 
         */
        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

        {
            setProperty("hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto", "create");
            setProperty("hibernate.show_sql", "false");
            setProperty("hibernate.dialect", "org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQLDialect");
         }
      };
   }
}

what I am doing wrong here?

1

281

First remove all of your configuration Spring Boot will start it for you.

Make sure you have an application.properties in your classpath and add the following properties.

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:postgresql://localhost:5432/teste?charSet=LATIN1
spring.datasource.username=klebermo
spring.datasource.password=123

spring.jpa.database-platform=org.hibernate.dialect.PostgreSQLDialect
spring.jpa.show-sql=false
spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=create

If you really need access to a SessionFactory and that is basically for the same datasource, then you can do the following (which is also documented here although for XML, not JavaConfig).

@Configuration        
public class HibernateConfig {

    @Bean
    public HibernateJpaSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory(EntityManagerFactory emf) {
         HibernateJpaSessionFactoryBean factory = new HibernateJpaSessionFactoryBean();
         factory.setEntityManagerFactory(emf);
         return factory;
    }
}

That way you have both an EntityManagerFactory and a SessionFactory.

UPDATE: As of Hibernate 5 the SessionFactory actually extends the EntityManagerFactory. So to obtain a SessionFactory you can simply cast the EntityManagerFactory to it or use the unwrap method to get one.

public class SomeHibernateRepository {

  @PersistenceUnit
  private EntityManagerFactory emf;

  protected SessionFactory getSessionFactory() {
    return emf.unwrap(SessionFactory.class);
  }

}

Assuming you have a class with a main method with @EnableAutoConfiguration you don’t need the @EnableTransactionManagement annotation, as that will be enabled by Spring Boot for you. A basic application class in the com.spring.app package should be enough.

@Configuration
@EnableAutoConfiguration
@ComponentScan
public class Application {


    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }

} 

Something like that should be enough to have all your classes (including entities and Spring Data based repositories) detected.

UPDATE: These annotations can be replaced with a single @SpringBootApplication in more recent versions of Spring Boot.

@SpringBootApplication
public class Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }
} 

I would also suggest removing the commons-dbcp dependency as that would allow Spring Boot to configure the faster and more robust HikariCP implementation.

12

  • 1

    but is there any way to avoid create this file application.propertes? I prefer a way where I do all the configuration in the class HibernateConfig.

    Oct 24, 2014 at 13:54

  • 4

    Why? The whole purpose of Spring Boot is that it does auto configuration for you… So you prefer to include a verbose java configuration over 7 lines in a properties file?!

    – M. Deinum

    Oct 24, 2014 at 13:57


  • 2

    It could even be 6 lines in a property file. You don’t need to set spring.datasource.driverClassName when you’re using Postgres as Boot will infer it from spring.datasource.url.

    Oct 27, 2014 at 9:08

  • 2

    @AlexWorden No it isn’t… Instead of putting random comments you might first want to read how properties are loaded especially the support Spring Boot has. Passwords on disk don’t have to be a problem if you set the file rights straight. Putting them in a database isn’t much better…

    – M. Deinum

    Sep 13, 2015 at 10:54

  • 4

    Instead of using 3 annotations i.e. Configuration,EnableAutoConfiguration,ComponentScan. We can use SpringBootApplication annotation

    – Pankaj

    Nov 8, 2015 at 18:57


241

I was facing a similar problem when starting up the application (using Spring Boot) with the database server down.

Hibernate can determine the correct dialect to use automatically, but in order to do this, it needs a live connection to the database.

10

  • 2

    My problem was similar to this in that pg_hba.conf on the server wasn’t configured for the remote connection, which gave me this error.

    – Brian

    Jul 6, 2015 at 17:47

  • 23

    If the database you are trying to connect to does not exists you also see this error.

    Aug 15, 2015 at 18:57

  • 23

    Got the same problem, in my case the DB was up but the credentials were wrong. +1

    Aug 5, 2016 at 17:23

  • surprisingly i started getting this issue when dropped schema expecting hbm2ddl.auto=true will create db and tables. however it failed. but wen i created empty schema hbm2ddl worked creating tables

    – Saurabh

    Mar 21, 2017 at 0:19

  • 1

    For me as well, DB server was not up and that’s why this error came up while deploying the spring boot app.

    Dec 29, 2020 at 12:31

57

add spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.dialect = org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect in application.properties file

3

  • This is a great answer – allows me to use a MockBean for my database class and not have real connection information in my properties profile

    – Taylor

    Mar 6, 2019 at 19:15

  • Adding spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.dialect to the application.properties helped me. Thank you)

    – Maks

    May 7, 2020 at 16:13

  • This does not work if you use multiple data sources for databases by different vendors. for example if you have one data source for DB2 and another for Oracle, this will not work.

    – pixel

    May 18 at 20:55