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laravel php sql where where-clause

SQLSTATE[42S22]: Column not found: 1054 Unknown column – Laravel

I’m using the framework Laravel.

I have 2 tables (Users and Members). When I want to login, I get the error message:

SQLSTATE[42S22]: Column not found: 1054 Unknown column ‘user_email’ in
‘where clause’ (SQL: select * from members where user_email = ?
limit 1) (Bindings: array ( 0 => ‘[email protected]‘, ))

Table Users

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `festival_aid`.`users` (
`user_id` BIGINT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`user_email` VARCHAR(45) NOT NULL,
`user_created` TIMESTAMP NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
`user_modified` TIMESTAMP NULL,
`user_deleted` TIMESTAMP NULL,
`user_lastlogin` TIMESTAMP NULL,
`user_locked` TIMESTAMP NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`user_id`),
UNIQUE INDEX `user_email_UNIQUE` (`user_email` ASC),
ENGINE = InnoDB;

Table Members

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `festival_aid`.`members` (
`member_id` BIGINT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`member_password` CHAR(32) NOT NULL,
`member_salt` CHAR(22) NOT NULL,
`member_token` VARCHAR(128) NULL,
`member_confirmed` TIMESTAMP NULL,
`user_id` BIGINT NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`member_id`, `user_id`),
INDEX `fk_members_users1_idx` (`user_id` ASC),
CONSTRAINT `fk_members_users1`
FOREIGN KEY (`user_id`)
REFERENCES `festival_aid`.`users` (`user_id`)
ON DELETE NO ACTION
ON UPDATE NO ACTION)
ENGINE = InnoDB;

Migration User

public function up()
{
Schema::table('users', function(Blueprint $table)
{
$table->increments('user_id');
$table->string('user_email');
$table->timestamp('user_created');
$table->timestamp('user_modified');
$table->timestamp('user_deleted');
$table->timestamp('user_lastlogin');
$table->timestamp('user_locked');
});
}

Migration Member

public function up()
{
Schema::table('members', function(Blueprint $table)
{
$table->increments('member_id');
$table->string('member_password');
$table->string('member_salt');
$table->string('member_token');
$table->foreign('user_id')
->references('id')->on('users');
//->onDelete('cascade');
$table->timestamp('member_confirmed');
});
}

Model User

class User extends Eloquent {
protected $table="users";
/**
* The primary key for the model.
*
* @var string
*/
protected $primaryKey = 'user_id';
public $timestamps = false;
}

Model Member

use Illuminate\Auth\UserInterface;
use Illuminate\Auth\Reminders\RemindableInterface;
class Member extends Eloquent implements UserInterface, RemindableInterface {
protected $table="members";
/**
* The attributes excluded from the model's JSON form.
*
* @var array
*/
protected $hidden = array('member_password');
/**
* Get the unique identifier for the user.
*
* @return mixed
*/
public function getAuthIdentifier()
{
return $this->getKey();
}
/**
* Get the password for the user.
*
* @return string
*/
public function getAuthPassword()
{
return $this->member_password;
}
/**
* Get the e-mail address where password reminders are sent.
*
* @return string
*/
public function getReminderEmail()
{
return $this->email;
}
/**
* The primary key for the model.
*
* @var string
*/
protected $primaryKey = 'member_id';
public $timestamps = false;
public function users()
{
return $this->hasOne('User');
}
}

The Member model uses:
use Illuminate\Auth\UserInterface;

<?php namespace Illuminate\Auth;
interface UserInterface {
/**
* Get the unique identifier for the user.
*
* @return mixed
*/
public function getAuthIdentifier();
/**
* Get the password for the user.
*
* @return string
*/
public function getAuthPassword();
}

Controller

public function store()
{
$input = Input::all();
$rules = array('user_email' => 'required', 'member_password' => 'required');
$v = Validator::make($input, $rules);
if($v->passes())
{
$credentials = array('user_email' => $input['user_email'], 'member_password' => $input['member_password']);
if(Auth::attempt($credentials))
{
return Redirect::to('/home');
} else {
return Redirect::to('login');
}
} else {
return Redirect::to('login')->withErrors($v);
}
}

auth.php

return array(
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Default Authentication Driver
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| This option controls the authentication driver that will be utilized.
| This drivers manages the retrieval and authentication of the users
| attempting to get access to protected areas of your application.
|
| Supported: "database", "eloquent"
|
*/
'driver' => 'eloquent',
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Authentication Model
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| When using the "Eloquent" authentication driver, we need to know which
| Eloquent model should be used to retrieve your users. Of course, it
| is often just the "User" model but you may use whatever you like.
|
*/
'model' => 'Member',
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Authentication Table
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| When using the "Database" authentication driver, we need to know which
| table should be used to retrieve your users. We have chosen a basic
| default value but you may easily change it to any table you like.
|
*/
'table' => 'members',
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Password Reminder Settings
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here you may set the settings for password reminders, including a view
| that should be used as your password reminder e-mail. You will also
| be able to set the name of the table that holds the reset tokens.
|
| The "expire" time is the number of minutes that the reminder should be
| considered valid. This security feature keeps tokens short-lived so
| they have less time to be guessed. You may change this as needed.
|
*/
'reminder' => array(
'email' => 'emails.auth.reminder',
'table' => 'password_reminders',
'expire' => 60,
),
);

What am I doing wrong here?

You have configured the auth.php and used members table for authentication but there is no user_email field in the members table so, Laravel says

SQLSTATE[42S22]: Column not found: 1054 Unknown column ‘user_email’ in
‘where clause’ (SQL: select * from members where user_email = ? limit
1) (Bindings: array ( 0 => ‘[email protected]‘, ))

Because, it tries to match the user_email in the members table and it’s not there. According to your auth configuration, laravel is using members table for authentication not users table.