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python tkinter user-interface

Tkinter: AttributeError: NoneType object has no attribute

76

I’ve created this simple GUI:

from tkinter import *

root = Tk()

def grabText(event):
    print(entryBox.get())    

entryBox = Entry(root, width=60).grid(row=2, column=1, sticky=W)

grabBtn = Button(root, text="Grab")
grabBtn.grid(row=8, column=1)
grabBtn.bind('<Button-1>', grabText)

root.mainloop()

I get the UI up and running. When I click on the Grab button, I get the following error on the console:

C:\Python> python.exe myFiles\testBed.py
Exception in Tkinter callback
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\Python\lib\lib-tk\Tkinter.py", line 1403, in __call__
    return self.func(*args)
  File "myFiles\testBed.py", line 10, in grabText
    if entryBox.get().strip()=="":
AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'get'

Why is entryBox set to None?

0

    133

    The grid, pack and place functions of the Entry object and of all other widgets returns None. In python when you do a().b(), the result of the expression is whatever b() returns, therefore Entry(...).grid(...) will return None.

    You should split that on to two lines like this:

    entryBox = Entry(root, width=60)
    entryBox.grid(row=2, column=1, sticky=W)
    

    That way you get your Entry reference stored in entryBox and it’s laid out like you expect. This has a bonus side effect of making your layout easier to understand and maintain if you collect all of your grid and/or pack statements in blocks.

    2

    • This is so helpful. Thank you so much.

      Feb 14 at 19:54

    • So single line coding is not just syntactical, it also has semantic ramifications which is very unexpected.

      Mar 16 at 19:45

    15

    Change this line:

    entryBox=Entry(root,width=60).grid(row=2, column=1,sticky=W)
    

    into these two lines:

    entryBox=Entry(root,width=60)
    entryBox.grid(row=2, column=1,sticky=W)
    

    Just as you already correctly do for grabBtn!

    1

    4

    Alternative solution for Python3.8+ versions that allows to put all of this in one line using the walrus operator:

    (entryBox := Entry(root, width=60)).grid(row=2, column=1, sticky=W)
    

    Now entryBox will refer to the Entry widget and also get packed.

    For characters per line management I can suggest something like this:

    (var := Button(
        text="fine", command=some_func, width=20, height=15, activebackground='grey'
    )).grid(row=0, column=0, columnspan=0, rowspan=0, sticky='news')
    

    But at that point might as well just do this “normally” (as suggested by other answers)

    Sources: