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ehcache java spring

What does Spring’s @Cacheable do when placed on a method returning a list?

I’ve looked everywhere online for a simple answer to the above question, and just can’t find it. I have a method like:

@Cacheable(cacheNames = "objects")
public List<Object> get() { .. }

I’m using EhCache 2.10.0 with Spring Framework 4.2.1, and I can see the following output for this method:

Adding cacheable method 'get' with attribute: [CacheableOperation[public java.util.List com.example.DAO.get()] caches=[objects] | key='' ...

also (in later logging)

Computed cache key 'SimpleKey []' for operation ...

What is the @Cacheable annotation supposed to do in this situation? Place each object in the cache keyed by hashCode (as hinted at elsewhere)? Or just plonk the whole list as-is into the cache under some list-based hashCode?

The Spring Doc mentions this:

Since caches are essentially key-value stores, each invocation of a
cached method needs to be translated into a suitable key for cache
access. Out of the box, the caching abstraction uses a simple
KeyGenerator based on the following algorithm:

  • If no params are given, return SimpleKey.EMPTY

  • If only one param is given, return that instance

  • If more the one param is given, return a key computed from the hashes of all parameters.

https://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/5.0.8.RELEASE/spring-framework-reference/integration.html#cache

When you annotate it with @Cacheable(cacheNames = "objects") you give it a cache name against which it can identify the cache. Since your method doesn’t have any arguments, for the cacheName as “objects”, it will have already cached the return object (List<Object> in this case). and every time the method is called, it will check the cache with the cacheName object and with the key value as ‘0’. If it already has a return object that was cached previous time, it will return the object.

Updated: with SimpleKey.EMPTY key for no params for Spring 4+