Categories
express javascript node.js

Why the /users route in Express and Node?

Edit: The default express app is this:

var express = require('express');
var path = require('path');
var favicon = require('serve-favicon');
var logger = require('morgan');
var cookieParser = require('cookie-parser');
var bodyParser = require('body-parser');
var routes = require('./routes/index');
var users = require('./routes/users');
----------------------------------------
These refer to files that look like:
var express = require('express');
var router = express.Router();
/* GET home page. */
router.get('/', function(req, res) {
res.render('index', { title: 'Express' });
});
module.exports = router;
------------------------------
var app = express();
// view engine setup
app.set('views', path.join(__dirname, 'views'));
app.set('view engine', 'ejs');
// uncomment after placing your favicon in /public
//app.use(favicon(__dirname + '/public/favicon.ico'));
app.use(logger('dev'));
app.use(bodyParser.json());
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false }));
app.use(cookieParser());
app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'public')));
app.use('/', routes);
app.use('/users', users);
// catch 404 and forward to error handler
app.use(function(req, res, next) {
var err = new Error('Not Found');
err.status = 404;
next(err);
});
// error handlers
// development error handler
// will print stacktrace
if (app.get('env') === 'development') {
app.use(function(err, req, res, next) {
res.status(err.status || 500);
res.render('error', {
message: err.message,
error: err
});
});
}
// production error handler
// no stacktraces leaked to user
app.use(function(err, req, res, next) {
res.status(err.status || 500);
res.render('error', {
message: err.message,
error: {}
});
});
module.exports = app;

However, the documentation says:

// this middleware will not allow the request to go beyond it
app.use(function(req, res, next) {
res.send('Hello World');
})
// requests will never reach this route
app.get('/', function (req, res) {
res.send('Welcome');
})

So my question, is why would a request ever make its way to the /users route when a default (i.e. '/') route has already been specified? Is it because routes and users are not functions?

On a related note, why even specify the / if that is what is used by default each time?

Lastly, the default app specifies the '/users' route: Why not just put another path in the index.js route? I am confused how the app can specify app.use('/users', users) and then, in the users route, specify

router.get('/', function(req, res) {
res.send('respond with a resource');
});

What does the / correspond to? It seemed like all requests to / would be handled by the first route (the one that use the routes default file)